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There are three main categories of emergency light fixtures that vary based on their wiring scheme and power supply. The right choice for you will depend on the demands of your operation and the infrastructure of your building. Review the categories below and find the proper fixtures to keep your facility safe in the event of an emergency.
Non-maintained emergency lighting only activates during a full power failure. These lights cannot be used when main power is available in your building. In an emergency, a reserve battery pack will power non-maintained lighting.
Maintained emergency lighting can be set to stay on constantly and uses main power in normal conditions. In an emergency, power is provided from a rechargeable battery pack. This type of lighting is useful when you need lights to provide daily illumination as well as for emergency purposes.
Sustained emergency lighting uses two sets of lamps each with their own power supply. One set of lamps is powered by main building circuitry, the other by rechargeable batteries. In the event of power failure, the hard wired set will go out and the battery powered set will take over until power is restored..
Emergency Light Placement
Emergency lights are used to designate essential areas of your building such as escape routes, fire extinguishers any potential hazards like stairwells and elevators. Your local fire safety legislation will clarify where emergency lighting should be installed for your building but generally they should indicate:
- Exits: Both internal and external, depicting the method of opening the door.
- Escape routes: both inside and outside the building directing towards the assembly point.
- Stairways: each step should be clearly visible during an outage.
- Corridors: Lighting evenly spaced and placed at every intersection and change of direction.
- Windowless rooms: allow any occupants to quickly exit the room and find nearest emergency routes.
- Fire equipment: all call points and fire extinguishers should be easily located.
- First Aid posts: help occupants quickly find and apply first aid materials.
- Changes in floor level: whether by step or slope.